|Chang Kee Jung named Distinguished Professor|
Stony Brook, NY November 16, 2015 - Chang Kee Jung was approved by the State University of New York (SUNY) Board of Trustees for appointment to the rank of Distinguished Professor as recommended by campus and SUNY Chancellor Nancy L. Zimpher.
Professor Chang Kee Jung is an exceptional and leading scientist with an excellent record of teaching and service to the Universityand to the broader community, and for his major scientific achievements and leadership role in the study of neutrinos and nucleon decay. Since 1990, when he established the Stony Brook Nucleon decay and Neutrino Physics group, he rose steadily in international recognition due to his deep understanding of particle physics, his strategic thinking, as well as his communication and organizational skills. His work at the Super-Kamiokande, the K2K and the T2K experiments, and his studies on nucleon decay, arewidely recognized and made him an international leader in neutrino research. He has recently embarked on helping to design and build the next generation of neutrino experiments in the U.S. Professor Jung also had tremendous successes in both graduate andpostdoctoral training, in undergraduate research experience, and in classroom teaching.
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|The 2016 Breakthrough Prize for Fundamental Physics was awarded to 5 Neutrino Experiments|
The 2016 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics ($3 million) was awarded to five experiments investigating neutrino oscillation and will be shared equally among all five. The teams include Daya Bay (China); KamLAND (Japan); K2K / T2K (Japan); Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (Canada); and Super-Kamiokande (Japan). The award was accepted by team leaders Yifang Wang and Kam-Biu Luk (Daya Bay); Atsuto Suzuki (KamLAND); Koichiro Nishikawa (K2K / T2K); Arthur B. McDonald (Sudbury Neutrino Observatory); and Takaaki Kajita and Yoichiro Suzuki (Super-Kamiokande). In total, the five teams are comprised of more than 1,300 individual physicists, and all members will share in the recognition for their work. Additional information and the full list of the prize-winning members of the experiments are available at www.BreakthroughPrize.org .
The members of the Stony Brook Nucleon decay and Neutrino (NN) physics research group led by Prof. Chang Kee Jung are members of the international experimental collaborations, the Super-Kamiokande, K2K and T2K collaborations, that share the 2015 Breakthrough Prize for Fundamental Physics for their role in the discovery and study of neutrino oscillation. The Stony Brook NN group participated in the Super-Kamiokande experiment since 1991 from the beginning of the experiment. The group contributed significantly to the experiment by being a part of the team that constructed detector and analyzed the atmospheric neutrino data. The NN group members who share the breakthrough prize through their participation in the SuperKamiokande experiment are: Prof. Chang Kee Jung, Prof. Clark McGrew, Prof. Chiaki Yanagisawa, Dr. James Hill, Dr. Kai Martens, Dr. Christopher Mauger, Dr. Eric Sharkey and Dr. Brett Viren. (Prof. McGrew, Dr. Hill and Dr. Martens were postdocs; and Drs. Mauger, Sharkey and Viren were graduate students at the time of the Super-Kamiokande discovery.)
The Stony Brook NN group played a leading role in the K2K experiment, the first long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment that confirmed the neutrino oscillation observed by the Super- Kamiokande experiment, and in the T2K experiment that discovered electron neutrino appearance from a muon neutrino beam in 2013. This discovery sets the stage for the study of differences in the neutrino oscillation process relative to their antiparticles (antineutrinos) that may elucidate how the universe came to be matter dominated. T2K has recently started data taking with an antineutrino beam to study antineutrino oscillations.
Prof. Jung served as International Co-Spokesperson (co-leader) of the T2K collaboration from 2011 to 2015. Professors Clark McGrew and Michael Wilking have also played leading roles in the T2K experiment. The NN group members who share the breakthrough prize through their participation in the K2K experiment are: Prof. Chang Kee Jung, Prof. Clark McGrew, Prof. Chiaki Yanagisawa, Dr. James Hill, Dr. Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Dr. Kai Martens, Dr. Anthony Sarrat, Dr. Christopher Mauger, Dr. Eric Sharkey and Dr. Lisa Whitehead and Mr. Daniel Kerr. (Drs. Hill, Kobayashi, Martens and Sarrat were postdocs; and Drs. Mauger, Sharkey and Whitehead, and Mr. Kerr were graduate students at the time of the K2K breakthrough.) The NN group members who share the breakthrough prize through their participation in the T2K experiment are: Prof. Chang Kee Jung, Prof. Clark McGrew, Prof. Peter Paul, Prof. Chiaki Yanagisawa, Dr. Jeanine Adam , Dr. James Imber, Dr. Anthony Sarrat, Dr. Ian Taylor, Dr. Dmitriy Beznosko, Dr. Karin Gilje, Dr. Joshua Hignight, Dr. Jay Hyun Jo, Dr. Phoc Trung Le, Dr. Glenn Lopez, Dr. Bent Nielsen. (Drs. Adam, Imber, Sarrat and Taylor were postdocs; and Drs. Beznosko, Gilje, Hignight, Jo, Le, Lopez were graduate students at the time of the T2K discovery.)
For more information, please visit: t2k-experiment.org
|The 2015 Long Range Plan for Nuclear Science is unanimously approved|
To prepare for the future, nuclear scientists have united behind a report outlining their priorities for research in the next decade. At a meeting of the Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) on October 15, 16, 2015, the members voted unanimously to approve the Plan. The Plan was well received by DOE and NSF officials.
The current Long Range Plan (LRP) builds on the guidelines and successes of the 2007 plan. Since then the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and the Continuous Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at the Thomas Jefferson National Laboratory (JLab) have received accelerator upgrades, with detectors to realize the physics on the way as part of the current LRP. These detector upgrades, an experiment to search for neutrinoless double beta decay and the future Electron Ion Collider (EIC) facility form the top recommendations of the newly released plan.
Stony Brook University's high-energy nuclear experimental group is well poised to play important roles at all these experimental facilities. The PHENIX Detector and its upgrades will be fully exploited by Profs. Abhay Deshpande, Thomas Hemmick and Chair Axel Drees. Profs. Deshpande and Hemmick along with Prof. Krishna Kumar will also take significant responsibilities and leadership roles in various experiments at the upgraded JLab facility. Professor Kumar is deeply involved in one of proposals for the neutrinoless double beta decay experiment proposals.
Prof. Abhay Deshpande, is taking a role as a national leader in the Electron Ion Collider project, which was recommended as the highest priority facility for construction beyond the ones being pursued now. The collider would allow unprecedented insights into how protons, neutrons and nuclei are built up from quarks and gluons, the particles bind them together. The current leading facilities for studying quark-gluon matter are the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory, New York, and the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, Switzerland. These facilities smash protons and heavy ions together to recreate the energetic conditions of the early Universe, when quarks and gluons existed as a plasma rather than in atomic nuclei. The EIC would collide point-like electrons with either protons or heavy ions, generating collisions that have a similarly high energy but aimed at precisely imaging them to understand theiry structures and the gluon and sea quark dynamics.
The above recommendations in the plan would not be completed without the two initiatives explicitly mentioned in the LRP: first, the support for research groups in nuclear theory, and second, support for detector & accelerator R&D that will realize and extract the physics from the recommended facilities. These initiatives have strong overlap with the aspirations and activities of Stony Brook's world renowned Nuclear Theory group and the Center for Accelerator Science and Education (CASE).
|2015 Nobel Prize in Physics for the dicovery of neutrino oscillations|
This year's Nobel Prize
was awared to Takaaki Kajita, Super-Kamiokande Collaboration,
U. of Tokyo, Japan and Art McDonald, SNO collaboration, Queen’s University,
Canada for the discovery of neutrino oscillations.
Prof. Kajita was one of the leaders of the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration that constructed the maginificent 50-kton Super-Kamiokande water Cherenkov detector. The experiment discovered "Oscillation of Atmospheric Neutrinos" in 1998 that had far reaching impact on the particle physics. The discovery is the only experimental evidence in laboratory venue for physics beyond the Standard Model today.
The Stony Brook Nucleon decay and Neutrino (NN) group established by Prof. Chang Kee Jung participated in the Super-Kamiokande experiment since 1991 from the beginning of the experiment. The group contributed significantly to the experiment by being a part of the team that constructed detector and analyzed the atmospheric neutrino data. The orignal members of the NN group include, Prof. Clark McGrew and Prof. Chiaki Yanagisawa, and many postdocs and graduate students. The current Super-Kamiokande members from the NN group include Prof. Michael Wilking.
The Stony Brook NN group also played a leading role in the K2K experiment, the first long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment that confirmed the neutrino oscillation observed by the Super-Kamiokande experiment and the T2K experiment that discovered electron neutrino appearance from a muon neutrino beam in 2013.
|Welcome our new faculty 2015|
We welcome Marilena LoVerde, Assistant Professor, Department of Physics and Astronomy and the Yang Institute for Theoretical Physics and Anja von der Linden, Assistant Professor, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
Marilena received her PhD from Columbia in 2009 and has held postdoctoral appointments at the Institute for Advanced Study and the the Kavli Center at the University of Chicago 2009-2015. She is a theoretical astrophysicist working in cosmology, focusing on modeling the clustering of galaxies seen in large surveys, observations of the "Lyman-alpha forest" of absorption lines in the spectra of distant galaxies, and maps of the cosmic microwave background. She studies the fundamental physics of inflation, dark matter, and dark energy. She is interested in understanding the relationship between luminous objects and the underlying dark matter distribution.
Anja is an observational astrophysicist, focusing on aspects of galaxy clusters. She leads the Weighing the Giants project to use weak gravitational lensing to determine the masses of about 50 of the most X-ray luminous clusters known, in order to calibrate clusters as cosmological probes. She received her Doctorate from the Ludwig-Maximilians University and Max Planck Institute in 2007, was a postdoc at Stanford 2007-2012, and the Sophie and Tycho Brahe Fellow at the DARK Cosmology Centre in Copenhagen and the Kavli Institute of Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Stanford (20012-2015).
|2015 Chancellors Award for Excellence and the Henry Primakoff Award|
The Chancellor's Awards for Excellence are System-level honors conferred to acknowledge and provide system-wide recognition for consistently superior professional achievement and to encourage the ongoing pursuit of excellence. These programs underscore SUNY's commitment to sustaining intellectual vibrancy, advancing the boundaries of knowledge, providing the highest quality of instruction, and serving the public good. Through these awards, SUNY publicly proclaims its pride in the accomplishment and personal dedication of its instructional faculty, librarians and professional staff across its campuses. The awards provide SUNY-wide recognition in five categories: Faculty Service, Librarianship, Professional Service, Scholarship and Creative Activities, and Teaching.
Robert Shrock (YITP) shares the 2015 honor with Peter Stephens of the Department of Physics and Astronomy in the category of Scholarship and Creative Activities.
Rouven Essig an assistant professor at the C.N. Yang Institute for Theoretical Physics and the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Stony Brook University, has been selected to receive the 2015 Henry Primakoff Award for Early-Career Particle Physics which is sponsored by the American Physical Society. According to the APS, Essig was selected, "For seminal contributions to theoretical models of dark matter with new gauge interactions, and for leadership of the APEX experiment at the Jefferson Laboratory."
|Stony Brook witnesses the supermoon lunar eclipse|
Crowds of people congregated on the rooftop of the Earth and Space Sciences building to witness a rare phenomenon last Sunday night-a supermoon in combination with a lunar eclipse.
A supermoon occurs when the full moon is closest to the Earth-an event known as perigee. Because of its proximity, the moon appears 14 percent larger and 30 percent brighter in the sky than a moon that is not at perigee. A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth travels between the sun and the moon, causing Earth's shadow to obscure the moon for more than an hour, according to the NASA website.
The combination of these two events occurs once every few decades.
Stony Brook University's Japanese Student Organization, or JSO, and Astronomy Club collaborated together to host a moon viewing in honor of this event. read more
|Samantha Scibelli is URECA's September Researcher of the Month|
A Women in Science & Engineering (WISE) junior majoring in both Physics and Astronomy, Samantha has long held a deep passion for these fields.
Since last December, Samantha has been doing astrophysics research with Dr. Rosalba Perna (Stony Brook University, Physics & Astronmy) & Dr. Charles Keeton (Rutgers University, Physics & Astronomy) on dark matter, spiral galaxies and gravitational lensing. Her research project was funded by the PSEG Explorations in STEM program for summer 2015, a 10-week summer research program co-administered by Technology & Society, the Career Center and URECA that includes professional development activities as well as a focus on research, and culminated in a poster symposium event this past August. Samantha had previously engaged in optics research projects at the Laser Teaching Center, starting in the summer before freshman year, working under the mentorship of Dr. John Noé. She has presented posters at the URECA campus wide symposia (2014, 2015); as well as the 2013 Frontiers in Optics, OSA Annual Meeting in Florida where she presented "A study of Evolving Caustics Formed by Evaporating Water Droplets."
Born in Saratoga Springs, and a graduate of Burnt Hills-Ballston Lake High School, Samantha embarked on a long-term astronomy research project starting in her sophomore year of high school working at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute: Samantha analyzed over 10,000 spectra by eye in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and found a selection of stars that were not correctly classified by the electronic matching system, work for which she was recognized with an Intel STS finalist award, and which was published in the Astrophysical Journal Supplement series (Census of Blue Stars in the SDSS, ApJS 215 24, Dec. 2014).
Samantha's long term goals include getting a PhD in Astronomy. Her hobbies at SB include participating in the Astronomy Club, doing science outreach and playing club field hockey. (read more)
|Stony Brook researchers discover 854 ultra-dark galaxies|
A team of researchers from Stony Brook University and the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ) have discovered 854 "ultra-dark galaxies" in the Coma Cluster by analyzing data from the 8.2-meter Subaru Telescope. The new discovery, published in the June 2015 edition of the Astrophysical Journal Letters, surpasses the 2014 discovery of 47 mysterious dark galaxies by more than 800 and suggests that galaxy clusters are the key environment for the evolution of these mysterious dark galaxies.
"The findings suggests that these galaxies appear very diffuse and are very likely enveloped by something very massive, "said Jin Koda, PhD, principal investigator of the study and Associate Professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Stony Brook University. The ultra-dark galaxies are similar in size to the Milky Way, but have only 1/1,000 of stars that our galaxy does. The stellar population within such fluffy extended galaxies is subject to rapid disruption due to a strong tidal force detected within the cluster. "We believe that something invisible must be protecting the fragile star systems of these galaxies, something with a high mass," said Dr. Koda. "That 'something' is very likely an excessive amount of dark matter." The component of visible matter, such as stars, is calculated to contribute only one percent or less to the total mass of each galaxy. The rest - dark matter - accounts for more than 99 percent.
|Dhruv Dixit Named Goldwater Scholar|
Congratualtions to physics and mathematics major Dhruv Dixit for being named a 2015 Goldwater Scholar.
Dhruv is member of Stony Brook University's Honors College. He is only the 34th Goldwater Scholar honoree in Stony Brook since 1992. The award is among the most prestigious honors given nationally to college undergraduate students.
Dhruv is originally from Gujarat, India. He works at the PHENIX detector with Tom Hemmick, Abhay Deshpande and Axel Drees at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The high-energy collisions produced at RHIC give rise to a super-hot quark-gluon plasma, and the study of the properties of this plasma is crucial for testing the Standard Model of particle physics. Dhruv will participate in the analysis of the data currently being collected at RHIC.
Dhruv is planning to seek a PhD in physics following graduation.
|Paper led by Mathew Madhavacheril and Neelima Sehgal selected as an Editor's Suggestion in Phys. Rev. Letters.|
A paper led by Neelima Sehgal and her graduate student
Mathew Madhavacheril for the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACTPol) Collaboration has just been published in PRL
and it was selected as an Editor's Suggestion. It is also featured in with a Viewpoint article in Physics (dated April 13).
The collaboration studied the effects of gravitational lensing on the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB). The data were collected by the ACTpol telescope, operating in the Chilean Atacama Desert. They measured, statistically, distortions in the CMB hot and cold spots caused by the gravitational pull of massive galaxies or the galaxy clusters. To eliminate the noise in the CMB the authors used a stacking technique, averaging together small images centered at the positions of known galaxies. Nearly 12,000 optically selected galaxies from the SDSS/BOSS survey have been used.
Using he CMB as the background source offers some interesting advantages, as the time and the statistical properties of the CMB’s emission are very well known. The CMB also comes to us from all directions and can be available for many more objects of interest.
Please note that Tom Allison is also featured in Physics (Synopsis, dated April 14), as the co-author of a paper on "Cavity-Enhanced Field-Free Molecular Alignment at a High Repetition Rate".
|Lukasz Fidkowski received a Sloan Fellowship|
Lukasz Fidkowski recevied a 2015 Sloan Research Fellowship. He is one of the 126 recipients this year; 24 of the Fellowships were awarded in Physics,
Lukasz was selected for his research in theoretical condensed matter physics. In particular, he developed a classification of topological phases in one dimension, he carried out a calculation of the entanglement spectrum of topological insulators and superconductors, and he suggested the existence of the Majorana zero modes in one-dimensional quantum wires. His discoveries extend and deepen our current understanding of the ordered states of matter and help uncover new properties of matter. Some of these properties may have useful applications, such as encoding quantum information, making it possible to use them as the building blocks of a quantum computer.
Lukasz joined Stony Brook in 2013. He received his BS in mathematics from Harvard University in 2001 and PhD in physics from Stanford University in 2007. He was a postdoctoral scholar at the California Institute of Technology and a researcher at Microsoft's Station Q, a research lab focused on studies of topological quantum computing. He has made important contributions to the field of topological insulators. - See more at: here
Stony Brook faculty won 69 Fellowships since 1961. More than a third of those (28) was awarded to Physics and Astronomy faculty:
Sasha Abanov (2001), Igor Aleiner (1998), Phil Allen (1973), Adam Burrows (1985), Sudip Chakravarty (1982), Daniel M. Davis (1988), Rouven Essig (2013), Daniel Freedman (1969), Vladimir Goldman (1989) Paul Grannis (1968), Terence Hwa (1995), Andrew Jackson (1971), Jainendra Jain (1991), Zurab Kakushadze (2001), Janos Kirz (1970), Steve Kivelson (1984), Jim Lattimer (1982), Ben Lee (1963), Jack Lissauer (1987), Barry McCoy (1973), Peter Paul (1967), Chris Quigg (1974), Frank Shu (1972), Gene Sprouse (1972), Johanna Stachel (1986), Stephen Strom (1970), Derek Teany (2008).
|AMO paper is Editor's Choice in Phys. Rev. Letters|
|Welcome new faculty|
We welcome Mengkun Liu, Assistant Professor in the condensed matter area. He is an expert in
ultrafast spectroscopy and infrared spectroscopy, including near-field nano-imaging and spectroscopy.
Mengkun received his Ph.D degree in the Department of Physics at Boston University in 2012. Before coming to Stony Brook he was postdoc at the Department of Physics at UC San Diego in Dmitri Basov's laboratory. His research interests include complex materials with strong electronic correlations and electron phonon coupling (superconductors, multiferroics, magnetoresistors, heavy-fermion actinide compounds) and metamaterials. He studies plasmons in graphene, polaritons in Boron Nitride, and the phase separations in vanadium dioxide thin films.
He creates artificial composites by E-beam lithography, photolithography or stencil imprint techniques. He uses these metamaterials as mediators between light and matter to perturb and study the novel optical/THz responses of complex systems.
Mengkun's laboratory will be on the S level, next to the electronmicroscope and e-beam litography facilities. See more at his group's WEB site. He is currently looking for graduate students.
|Abhay Deshpande and Rosalba Perna has been elected Fellows of the American Physical Society|
Congratulations to Abhay Deshpande and Rosalba Perna for being elected Fellows of the American Physical Society (APS).
APS fellowships are awarded after extensive review and each year no more than one-half of one percent of APS membership can be elected as a fellow.
Rosalba's primary area of research is theoretical high-energy astrophysics, including studies of gamma-ray bursts and of highly magnetized neutron stars, known as 'magnetars'. She is a member of several international collaborations aimed at understanding the physics of matter in extreme conditions. Her research has received numerous grants from both NASA and the National Science Foundation. She was honored for her "for her pioneering contributions to our understanding of the long and short gamma-ray bursts, including the development of advanced models to describe their properties and environments, calculations of their particle and radiative emission, and innovative treatment of the time-dependent photo-ionization in the dusty environment around the bursts."
Abhay's research has focused on exploring and understanding quantum chromodynamics (QCD), a fundamental force describing the interactions between quarks and gluons which make up hadrons such as the proton, neutron, and pion. He is also a Senior Fellow and Deputy Group Leader for Experiments at the RIKEN (Japan's Institute of Physical and Chemical Research) BNL (Brookhaven National Laboratory) Research Center, located at BNL. His research is currently supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Science & RIKEN. He was elected "for his sustained effort and leadership in experimental programs to understand the nucleons’ spin, employing polarized DIS experiments at CERN to high-energy polarized proton collisions at RHIC (with PHENIX detector), including early development of beam polarimetry and other essential tools; and for his leadership in the efforts toward realizing the future US electron ion collider."
See also at the SBU WEB page
See more here.